Indian Art & Culture MCQ Set-17

Bhakti Movement GK MCQ for competitive examinations in India such as UPSC, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, NDA, State PSC, Police recruitment and various government job recruitment examination by the Government of India, PSUs and the state Governments in India.

Q.1 Gangasati, a saint poet of the Bhakti tradition composed devotional songs in which of the following language?

A. Marathi

B. Bengali

C. Gujarati

D. Tamil

Answer: C. Gujarati

Q.2 Who among the following is recognized as the founder of the Bairagi Sampradaya,  the largest monastic Hindu renunciant community in modern time?

A. Ramananda

B. Nanak

C. Ravidas

D. Jayadeva Goswami

Answer: A. Ramananda

Note: Ramananda is recognized as the founder of the Bairagi Sampradaya (popularly known as Ramanandi sect),  the largest monastic Hindu renunciant community in modern times.

Q.3 Who was the guru of Kabir?

A. Ramananda

B. Namdev

C. Tukaram

D. Ravidas

Answer: A. Ramananda

Note: Kabir is widely believed to have become the first disciple of the Bhakti poet-saint Swami Ramananda in Varanasi, known for devotional Vaishnavism with a strong bent to monist Advaita philosophy teaching that God was inside every person, everything.

Q.4 Ravidassia religion, formed in the 21st centaury out of which of the following religion?

A. Hinduism

B. Sikhism

C. Buddhism

D. Jainism

Answer: B. Sikhism

Note: Ravidassias belief that Ravidas is the supreme and they respect all the gurus of Sikhism as Ravidas’s teachings are found at the Guru Granth Sahib. Ravidassia religion was formed following the murder of their cleric Ramanand Dass in Vienna in 2009, where the movement declared itself to be a religion fully separated from Sikhism.

Q.5 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was an ascetic Hindu monk and social reformer in 16th century was from:

A. Assam

B. Bengal

C. Bihar

D. Tamil Nadu

Answer: B. Bengal

Note: Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was a 15th century Indian saint who was also considered as the combined avatar of Radha and Krishna by his disciples.

Q.6 Which of the following is associated with Sufi saints?

A. Khanjah

B. Dakhma

C. Tripitaka

D. None of these

Answer: A. Khanjah

Note: Khanjah is a place meant for sufi brotherhood gathering. It is a place for spritual retreat and Character reformation. It is also known as ‘Ribat.

Q.7 Which of the following is not a common feature of Sufism and the Bhakti movement?

A. Worship of idols

B. Love for personal god

C. Mysticism

D. None of these

Answer: A. Worship of idols

Q.8 Abhang or Abhanga, a form of devotional poetry of Maratha region sung in praise of which of the following Hindu deity?

A. Vitthal

B. Shiva

C. Rama

D. Durga

Answer: A. Vitthal

Note: Abhang or abhanga is a form of devotional poetry sung in praise of the Hindu god Vitthal, also known as Vithoba. Lord Vitthal is a manifestation of the Hindu God Vishnu.

Q.9 The famous Bhakti saint belonged to the royal family of Mewar is:

A. Ramdas

B. Meerabai

C. Tukaram

D. Namdev

Answer: B. Meerabai

Note: Meerabai was Rajput Princess of Mewar. She was poet, singer and the saint of Vaishnava Bhakti movement. She was a great devote of Lord Krishna.

Q.10 Who among the following Sufi saint introduced the institution of Langar in the Punjab region?

A. Baba Farid

B. Saiyid Mummed

C. Shah Alam Bukhai

D. None of these

Answer: A. Baba Farid

Note: Baba Farid (c. 4 April 1179 – 7 May 1266) or Fariduddin Ganjshakar first introduced the institution of the Langar (Sufism) in the Punjab region.

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