Indian Art & Culture MCQ Set-2

Vedic Culture MCQ for competitive examinations in India such as UPSC, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, NDA, State PSC, Police recruitment and various government job recruitment examination by the Government of India, PSUs and the state Governments in India.

Q.1 “Ayurveda” has origin in which of the following Veda?

A. Rig Veda

B. Samaveda

C. Yajurveda

D. Atharvaveda

Answer: D. Atharvaveda

Note: The origin of Ayurveda is attributed to Atharva Veda where mention is made several diseases with their treatments.

Q.2 Which of the following ancient texts describes surgical training, instruments and procedures?

A. Caraka Samhita

B. Sushruta Samhita

C. Bhela Samhita

D. None of these

Answer: B. Sushruta Samhita

Note: The Sushruta Samhita was composed after Charaka Samhita, and except for some topics and their emphasis, both discuss many similar subjects such as General Principles, Pathology, Diagnosis, Anatomy, Sensorial Prognosis, Therapeutics, Pharmaceutics and Toxicology. The Sushruta Samhita providing the foundation of surgery, while Charaka Samhita being primarily a foundation of medicine. One of the oldest Sushruta Samhitapalm-leaf manuscripts is preserved at the Kaiser Library, Nepal.

Q.3 Who among the following is the pioneer of Yoga?

A. Patanjali

B. Kapila

C. Banabhatta

D. None of these

Answer: A. Patanjali

Note: The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali is a key text of the Yoga school of Hinduism.

Q.4 As per Indologist Patrick Olivelle, which of the following Upanishads are earlier Upanishad?

A. Brhadaranyaka and Chandogya

B. Isha and Kausitaki

C. Taittiriya and Aitareya

D. None of these

Answer: A. Brhadaranyaka and Chandogya  

Note: Patrick Olivelle, a Sanskrit Philologist and Indologist provided the chronology of the Upanishads and as per his chronology; Brhadaranyaka and Chandogya. The two texts are pre-Buddhist; they may be placed in the 7th to 6th centuries BCE, give or take a century or so.

Q.5 Which of the following Veda contains the sacrificial formula?

A. Rigveda

B. Yajurveda

C. Samaveda

D. Atharvadeva

Answer: B. Yajurveda

Note: Ralph Griffith, an English Indologist interprets the name to mean “knowledge of sacrifice or sacrificial texts and formulas”.

Q.6 The most celebrated craftsmen of the Vedic age is:

A. Blacksmith

B. Goldsmith

C. Carpenter

D. Barber

Answer: C. Carpenter

Q.7 The famous “Gayatri Mantra” is contained in which of the following Veda?

A. Rigveda

B. Samaveda

C. Yajurveda

D. Atharvaveda

Answer: A. Rigveda

Note: The Gayatri Mantra, also known as the Savitri Mantra, is a highly revered mantra from the Rig Veda dedicated to Savitr also known as Vedamata. The main mantra appears in the hymn RV 3.62.10.

Q.8 Which of the following Veda is a Vedas of melodies and Chants?

A. Rigveda

B. Yajurveda

C. Atharvaveda

D. Samaveda

Answer: D. Samaveda

Q.9 Which of the following river is not mentioned in the Vedas?

A. Ganga

B. Yamuna

C. Saraswati

D. Narmada

Answer: D. Narmada

Note: There is a verse in Nadistuti sukta of Rigveda , hymn of praise of rivers which mentions the following 10 rivers: Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati, Sutudri, Parusni, Asikni, Marudvrdha , Vitasta , Arjikiya , Susoma.

Q.10 How many major orthodox and heterodox schools are present in the Indian Philosophy?

A. Six orthodox schools and five heterodox schools

B. Six orthodox schools and three heterodox schools

C. Five orthodox schools and five heterodox schools

D. None of these

Answer: A. Six orthodox schools and five heterodox schools

Note: There are six major schools of orthodox (vedic) Indian philosophy, these are Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta, and five major heterodox (sramanic) schools Jain, Buddhist, Ajivika, Ajñana, and Charvaka.

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