Indian Art & Culture MCQ Set-7

Modern Indian Art and Culture MCQ for competitive examinations in India such as UPSC, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, NDA, State PSC, Police recruitment and various government job recruitment examination by the Government of India, PSUs and the state Governments in India.

Q.1 Fire temple is a place of worship of which among the following religion?

A. Hinduism

B. Jainism

C. Buddhism

D. Zoroastrianism

Answer: D. Zoroastrianism 

Q.2 Which of the following are the types of Hindu scriptures?

A. Shruti and Smriti

B. Smriti and Samhita

C. Upanishad and Vedas

D. None of these

Answer: A. Shruti and Smriti

Note: Shruti is what is being heard, Smriti is what is being remembered. Shruti describes the sacred texts comprising the central canon of Hinduism viz. Vedas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, & Upanishads. Smriti are Dharma-sutras (particularly by Gautama, Apastamba, Baudhayana and Vāsiṣṭha) and Dharma-sastras (particularly Manusmṛti, Yājñavalkya Smṛti, Nāradasmṛti and Viṣṇusmṛti).

Q.3 Choose the incorrect pair:

A. Vedas- Shruti

B. Manusmriti- Smriti

C. Puranas- Shruti

D. Shastra- Smriti

Answer: C. Puranas- Shruti

Note: Puranas are Smritis.

Q.4 Which of the following material was popularly used in the Mathura school of art?

A. Iron

B. Copper

C. Red sandstone

D. Gold

Answer: C. Red sandstone

Note: The Art of Mathura refers to a particular school of Indian art, almost entirely surviving in the form of sculpture, starting in the 2nd century BCE.

Q.5 Gamaka, one of the classical music of India is associated with which Indian state?

A. Bihar

B. Karnataka

C. West Bengal

D. Punjab

Answer: B. Karnataka

Note: Gamaka or Gamak is an ancient technique dates back to the time of Ramayana. However, the art of GAMAKA has been lost completely or forgotten after the medieval time. The effort to revive GAMAKA and bring it back to Indian Music was made in 1930s by Kannada Sahitya Parishat under the leadership of Masti Venkatesha Iyengar and Sri M. Raghavendra Rao.

Q.6 The modern name of Patna Qalam is:

A. Patna Museum

B. Patna school of painting

C. Patna music

D. Patna culture

Answer: B. Patna School of Painting

Note: Patna School of Painting (also Patna Qalaam, Patna Kalam, or Company painting) is a style of Indian painting which existed in Bihar, India in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Q.7 Ustad Bismillah Khan is credited for popularizing which of the following musical instrument?

A. Veena

B. Shehnai

C. Tabla

D. Guiter

Answer: Shehnai

Q.8 Who among the following brought international awareness to “Kriya Yoga”?

A. Sri Aurobindo

B. Mahaavatar Babaji

C. Lahiri Mahashya

D. Paramhansha Yogananda

Answer: D. Paramhansha Yogananda

Q.9 Who among the following consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta?

A. Swami Vivekananda

B. Adi Shankara

C. Dayananda Saraswati

D. Paramhansha Yogananda

Answer: B. Adi Shankara

Q.10 Who among the following is credited for the “Transcendental Meditation Movement” across the world?

A. Maharshi Mahesh Yogi

B. Sri Sri Ravishankar

C. Swami Vivekananda

D. Osho

Answer: A. Maharshi Mahesh Yogi

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